Humanities 210 MIC/WIC- Cora Agatucci
Cultures & Literatures of Asia


China Maps Perry-Castaņeda Library Map Collection, UT Library Online (@2003, General Libraries, Univ. of Texas at Austin).

china links 

india links 


To what 
can our life on earth be likened?
To a flock of geese,
alighting on the snow,
leaving a trace
of their passage."

Su Dong Po, 11th c.

"Stare at the underbelly of Asia and behold
the Indian behemoth: 
950 million people -
one-sixth of the world's population - who live
in a country one-third the size of the U.S.,
who speak more than a thousand languages
and dialects, and
who support more than
21 political parties in the world's biggest and perhaps boldest experiment in democracy.  India became independent
on August 15, 1947,
from Britain."

"The time has now come to honor Japan's culture and
recognize the true strength of her art:
subtlety, inventiveness and audacity,
but also severity
and humility.
The cube, to evoke the measure of . . .
what is human.
The sphere, without beginning or end,
to evoke the world of the Gods.  Death is
the only time at which
one might aspire to
both the human
and the divine."

World Art
Treasures: China
(Photos: Jacques-Edouard Berger, 1994)

India: The Country
I Love the Most

Vipul Kapadia, Northern Arizona Univ.

World Art
Treasures: Japan

(Photos: Jacques-Edouard Berger, 1994)

maps & general resources,
languages & writing, history, what is "culture"? & Chinese culture, religion & philosophy, arts, literature, theatre&performance arts,
If you find inaccuracies, bugs, or other relevant websites, please let me know:

A Good Place to Start: Condensed China: Chinese History for Beginners (Paul Frankenstein)
Maps & General Resources

East Asia, political map of China, and detailed map of modern China (CUNY-Brooklyn); physical map of China (Washington State Univ.), and a larger detailed map of China (Univ. of Maryland)
Maps of Asia (Univ. of Texas, most from the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency): maps of Asia, of southern Asia, and of East Asia; and more...with links to 26 maps of China (The Perry-Castaņeda Library Map Collection, Univ. of Texas-Austin), including maps of Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao

The China WWW Virtual Library: Internet Guide for China Studies -China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Macau, and Singapore (Hanno Lecher; Dept. of Chinese Studies, Vienna University; and Institute of Chinese Studies, Univ. of Heidelberg)
Asian Studies Development Program (ASDP) Syllabus & Bibliography Collection Online: click Resources on Asia for College Courses, select a subject area you'd like to know more about, and browse the topics, reading lists and bibliographies (Kapiolane Community College, the East-West Center and the Univ. of Hawai'i at Manoa)
Chinese Section: British Library Oriental and India Office Collections (beautiful images)
Facts on China
China: (Dr. Robert Crowley, Univ. of Illinois-Springfield) links to General Information, Culture, Economy, Religion and Education, Government, History, Land and Resources, Politics, Foreign Relations

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languages&writing The Human Languages Page: Chinese links (Willamette Univ.)
From Brooklyn College's Core 9 online course, Chinese Culture, taught by Paul Halsall:
The Chinese Language and Writing , The Chinese Language and Pronunciation; Pinyin/Wade-Giles [romanized] Names, and Chinese Ethnic Groups
Chinese Linguistic Groups (Univ. of Texas-Austin)
Pronunciation Notes and A Brief Chronology of China (Michael D. Gunther, 1997)
Learn Survival Chinese via auto-tutorial from Haiwang Yuan & Remy Guo.
Examples of Chinese Calligraphy by the Masters from China the Beautiful

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Council on East Asian Libraries - CEAL: 
...Chinese History in General (Univ. of Oregon)
Links to timelines, essays, journals, special topics 
...Japanese Area Studies (Harvard Univ.) 
...Korean Area Studies (Univ. of Hawaii): 
...Asian Studies: Non-Asian Languages (Univ. of British Columbia) - Subject Resources:  

See also Timelines of Asia: China, India, Japan

H-GIG: World Wide Web Links to History Resources (Dept. of History, University of California, Riverside)

Chinese History Research Site at Univ. of Calif.-San Diego 

Paul Halsall's A Brief Chinese Chronology - by dynasty (with discussion of the problems with this form of historical periodization), by political frameworks, and economic basis (from Brooklyn College's Core 9 course in Chinese Culture)
Outlines of Early Chinese History (by Li Ung Bing, Eds. Joseph Whiteside of Soochow Univ. and Snow N. Snow),
Image of Yu the Great, legendary founder of the Xia (Hsia) dynasty. "Yu is best known for his organization of massive dike-building and irrigation projects to counter the floods which periodically devastated the north China plain. The authoritarian, highly centralized bureaucracy presumably necessary to execute and maintain large-scale irrigation and flood-control systems has led some scholars to label early China a "bureaucratic-hydraulic society." (From Paul Brians' Lecture 20: Zhou (Chou), Qin (Ch'in) & Han Dynasties, Washington State Univ.)
See also
Map: Western Zhou Period (Univ. of Maryland)
History of China and History Timeline (Univ. of Maryland) with links to essays and maps of major dynasties and eras.
The Silk Road, "The story of one of the world's oldest and most historically important trade routes and its influences on the culture of China, Central Asia and the West" (Oliver Wild, 1992), a detailed and readable scholarly article, including pictures of the region. Wild states that the "most significant commodity carried along this route was not silk, but religion. Buddhism came to China from India this way, along the northern branch of the route."
"Indian versus Chinese Attitudes Towards History" (Charles Ess, Professor of Philosophy, Drury College)
History of Mathematics: China (annotated timeline)
100 Celebrated Chinese Women (Asiapac)
Women in Chinese History (a bibliography from Marilyn Shea, Department of Psychology, Univ. of Maine at Farmington)
Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), Republican Era (1912-1949), and People's Republic of China (1949-present) with images (Chinese History Library, Robert Gray, Univ.of Michigan)

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what is "culture"?
...find out
from this excellent website offered by the WSU Learning Commons -
What Is Culture? (Authors:Eric Miraglia, Dept. of English/Student Advising and Learning Center; Dr. Richard Law, Director, General Education; and Peg Collins, Information Technology, Learning Systems Group). See the baseline definition of culture, and pursue links on important definitions, quotations, and discussions of culture. Review related links to Women, Culture, & Power, the introduction to Social Organization, or the link to Woman & Gender in the Ancient World. A helpful glossary of key terms, like the definition of Symbol, is also provided .
Chinese cultureclass-by-class modules - scroll down Chinese Culture (Brooklyn College Core 9 online the list and check out the (links to all the picture files available on great WWW course links!) Chinese culture: Images Brooklyn College Core 9 Chinese Culture Web site, along with their sources, organized by Maps, Archaeology, Art, Divinities, People, Historical Sites, Historical Illustrations, Technology, Customs, Stereotypes' Middle Eastern Images.
Understanding Culture
Yi Ching I Ching: [Classic Book of Changes] creating and reading hexagrams
Yin and Yang in Medical Theory (trans. Mark Coyle); see also Yin-Yang symbol
Picture of Confucius
The Homosexual Tradition in China: Selections from Chinese Homosexual Literature
The Mandate of Heaven - Selections from the Shu Jing (The Classic of History) (c. 6th Century BCE)
The Great Wall of China (image), Emperor Huangdi (image), Archeological Excavations at Qin tomb site, Lines of Soldier Statues at tomb of the "First Emperor" at Xian
Map: The Han Empire and image of the Founder of the Han Dynasty
Ban Zhao Pan Chao,
Lessons for A Woman: The Views of A Female Confucian (c. 80 CE)
Selection of Chinese Poems, with introductory notes, a Core 9 course handout; [see also Paul Brians' Lecture 22: Chinese Poetry, Washington State Univ.; and China the Beautiful's Chinese Poetry " by some of the greatest Chinese poets of all times.")
Modern Marriage in China - Two Texts
Map: China in the 6th century
The Grand Canal (ca 1904. photo) [See also Paul Brians' Lecture 21: Sui, T'ang, & Song (Sung) Dynasties]
Tang era lady (art)
Song era poet (art) and Song era bird painting
Images of
Silk making, Chinese Use of Paper, Earliest Printed Book (868 CE), and Chinese Use of Tea
Images of
Genghis Khan, Kublai Khan, and statue of a Yuan era actor
Ming Dynasty vase (image in color), 14th century Chinese Canon, Jesuit missionary Matthew Ricci, and Peking Dragon Throne
Lin Tse-Hsu's "Letter of Advice to Queen Victoria" (1839 CE) "was written before the outbreak of the Opium Wars. It was a remarkably frank document, especially given the usual highly stylized language of Chinese diplomacy. There remains
some question whether Queen Victoria ever read the letter." See also
Chinese View of an 18th century English Sailor Image of Opium Smokers, and Map: Effects of Western Imperialism in Qing China, late 19th century.
Photo of
young eunuch exposing the effects of castration and a young woman with bound feet
Luxun Lu Hsun, Selections from His Writing, and a photo: "Like other writers of the May Fourth Movement, Luxun saw China's old society as rotten and corrupt. Only after a radical reform, he felt, would the Chinese be able to realize their human potential " (From Introd. to Alfred Craig et al, The Heritage of World Civilizations, 2d ed. [New York; Macmillan, 1990], p. 889).
Photos of Chairman Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, and the The Goddess of Democracy in Tienanmen Square.

See also Paul Halsall's extensive Core 9 course Chinese Cultural Studies: Bibliographical Guide and Chinese Culture: Links to Other Sites for Students...

Visit Yuan Ming Yuan, imperial garden of the Qing emperors: "In 1709, emperor KangXi named the Yuan Ming Yuan himself and bestowed it on his son, emperor YongZheng. In traditional Chinese and the Confucius philosophy, Yuan (circle) means the doctrine of the mean; Ming (bright) means wisdom and insight. KangXi used this name to encourage the new emperor to follow Confucian philosophy and have a wise insight into state affairs." Though destroyed in 1860, the Garden of Centered Wisdom has been re-created by Lifeng Wang and Chih-An Chen, for your virtual pleasure.

Perspectives on Chinese Society: Anthropological views from Japan 1995, by Suenari Michio, J.S. Eades and Christian Daniels (eds.), featured monograph from the CSAC (Centre for Social Anthropology and Computing) Monograph series, Univ. of Kent.

Golden Legacy (Chinese Historical and Cultural Project, in partnership with San Jose Historical Museum), complement the California State Social Studies Framework, with links to 3 sample lesson plans:
Bound Feet: "In the tenth century in China, a prince began the practice of foot binding because he loved the small 'lily feet' of his concubine. Thus traditional Chinese values for over 1000 years dictated that the feet of young girls should be bound to keep them small. 'Lily feet', as they were called, were thought to be very dainty and beautiful and a symbol of gentility and high-class. Although the term sounded harmless, it was really very cruel. It began when a girl was between three and eleven years old...." (See picture, article "Those Doll-Sized Feet...," by Jane Kam Pang [scroll down], and bibliography.)
Abacus, background with examples of numbers done on the abacus, abacus pattern, and links to worksheets.
Lunar Calendar, background: "The Chinese Lunar Calendar is a yearly calendar like the western calendar, except that the start of the lunar year is based on the cycles of the moon....In traditional China, dating methods were cyclical, meaning that the years repeat according to a pattern. The repetition is in increments of twelve years. The Chinese Lunar Calendar goes further and names one of twelve animals [see diagram and worksheet] as a symbol for each year....[One] Chinese legend explains that all the animals of the world were invited to come and visit Buddha. Only twelve came. In order to reward these animals for their loyalty, Buddha named a year after each one in the order they appeared before him."
"Other topics include: Immigration, Chinatown, Survival (employment in railroad construction, mining and agriculture), Daily Life, Traditions, Education, and Lasting Legacy."

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religion&philosophyChinese Philosophy Page [These are resources for the most part supplied (and a few linked) by Dr. A. Charles Muller of Toyo Gakuen University in Japan, including Dr. Muller's translations of classics of traditional East Asian Thought: Analects of Confucius, Great Learning, Doctrine of the Mean, Mencius (Selections), and Tao Te Ching. For 20 more translations of the Tao Te Ching, see Taoism Depot.
Philosophy and Religion in China (Phasall's Brooklyn Core 9 online course in Chinese Culture)
Resources for the Study of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism
Comparative Religion & Religious Studies links (Mike Madin, new educational directory Academic Info)
Exploring Religions (Professor Paul Flesher, Univ. of Wyoming), including Buddhism, Hinduism and Islam.
From the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance: Descriptions of 63 Religions, Faith Groups, & Ethical Systems, including Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism.
Religious & Sacred Texts, including links to the Analects, Taoist, and Zen texts.

From Richard Hooker's World Cultures ("an internet classroom and anthology"):China Glossary, including The Five Classics, Confucius, jen, Tao,Taoism, yin/yang, the one and the many (tai chi), Neo-Confucianism, and t'ien, and T'ien ming, or "The Mandate of Heaven" (Washington State Univ.). A Sample from World Cultures - Taoism:

"...warning: as all the Taoist writers tell us, it is in the nature of the Tao that it cannot be spoken of. Talking about Taoism in a clear and rational way is, in fact, not to talk about Taoism.
That aside, Taoism is, along with Confucianism, the most important strain of Chinese thought through the ages. It is almost entirely different from Confucianism, but not contradictory.
It ranges over entirely different concerns,
so that it is common for individuals, philosophers, Chinese novels or films, etc.,
to be both Confucianist and Taoist.
The Taoist has no concern for affairs of the state,
for mundane or quotidian matters of administration, or for elaborate ritual;
rather Taoism encourages avoiding public duty...
in order to search for a vision of the transcendental world of the spirit."

Images of Laotzu, 3 Daoist Gods, and Wen-ch'ang, Daoist God of Literature
The Tao and Its Name, by Stanley Rosenthal (Shi-tien Roshi), British School of Zen Taoism, Cardiff, September 1984
The I Ching (Book of Changes) on the Net
The Taoism Information Page
Chad Hansen's Chinese Philosophy* Page (*Daoist-oriented interpretations).
Exploring Ancient World Cultures: China, Univ. of Evansville's initiative to "produce a college-level textbook on the World-Wide Web that is available to everyone free of charge," including links to Reflections on The Tao Te Ching (essay by Mike Carson, 1996).

The Catholic Encyclopedia's Confucianism (by Charles F. Aiken, electronic rpt. 1996).
Confucius Page, with biography, teachings, images, and bibliography ("'Confucius' comes from Kong Fu Zi, roughly 'Our Master Kong' -- the form of address his disciples would have used.")
Kong Fu Zi -- Confucius, with links to electronic texts.

Religious Studies: Asian Traditions: Buddhism
Buddhist Studies WWW Virtual Library
Buddhism for Beginners (Jeff Hooks, St. Petersburg Junior College)
Introduction to Buddhism, "rough guide to...basic Buddhist teachings" of Theravada ("school of the elders") tradition.
Journal of Buddhist Ethics (Penn State University/Goldsmiths College [London], USA/UK)

Brooklyn's Core 9 19th century compilation of "The Gospel of Buddha" (Buddha, ca. 500 BCE); Buddha's First Sermon - The Middle Path (c. 6th Century BCE); the Dhammapada (trans John Richards, 1993), an anthology of 423 Buddhist verses from The Theravada Pali Canon (Khuddaka Nikaya) embodying Buddhist ethical and spiritual precepts; and "The True Nature of the Buddha" from The Lotus Sutra, "one of the best-loved sacred texts of Mahayana Buddhism," the original Sanskrit text "translated many times into Chinese (the earliest being in 225 CE), as well as into Tibetan and other languages." The passage linked is a "key one for the development of the idea of the cosmic form of the Buddha. Note that 'Tathagata' "(which means 'Thus Gone,' ie, having achieved Nirvana) is one of the titles of Buddha."
See also image of the
Bodhidharma, founder of Ch'an Buddhism, and Peter N. Gregory's essay on Doctrinal classification (p'an-chiao), which "has often been said to be the hallmark of Chinese Buddhism."
The Buddhist-Confucian Conflict in the Early Choson and Kihwa's Syncretic Response: The Hyon chong non
(paper by A. Charles Muller, Toyo Gakuen Univ., presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Religion, Chicago, Nov 20, 1994)

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arts "Once freed from the distractions
of this world, I was at one with harmony;
my garden gate opened on a bamboo grove."
Zhu Xi - 12th century
World Art Treasures: China (Photos: Jacques-Edouard Berger, 1994)
Timelines of Art History (Michael D. Gunther, 1997) offers "selective resources on the art history of ancient and non-Western civilizations" including China, India, and Japan, but also more. See China Resources; and follow links for history, images, and texts of Early China: Prehistoric to Western Zhou (3000-771 BC) and China: Qin, Han (221 BC - 589 AD)
Introduction to Asian Art (Prof. Katheryn M. Linduff, Dept. of Art History, Univ. of Pittsburgh) will yield rich cultural backgrounds on China, India, and Japan, if one follows with patience the frames of the illustrated course notes.
Buddhist Studies and the Arts with many useful links (hosted by Randall R. Scott, B.S., M.Div., M.A. Research Associate in Buddhist Studies and Classics, Washington University in St. Louis; & The Doyle Gallery)
Many riches await those who browse Asian Arts, an on-line journal "for the study and exhibition of the arts of Asia," with virtual galleries and illustrated article abstracts.

The Splendors of Imperial China: Treasures from the National Palace Museum, Taipei.
( "An unsurpassed survey of Chinese art treasures from one of the greatest collections in the world...on view at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. from January 27 to April 6, 1997. Heralded by scholars and critics as the greatest exhibition of Chinese art ever presented in America, the exhibition spans over 4.000 years of Chinese history and features nearly 350 of the finest and most famous works from the National Palace Museum, Taipei."
Asian Art Museum of San Francisco claims to be the largest museum in the western world devoted to the arts and cultures of Asia, with permanent collections representing over 40 Asian countries spanning 6,000 years of history. See exhibitions and follow links to special exhibits like Splendors Of Imperial China: Treasures From The National Palace Museum, Taipei; 1997: the Chinese Year of the Ox, or tour Mongolia: The Legacy of Chinggis Khan.

Exhibition of Chinese textiles from the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, "Heavens' Embroidered Cloths: One Thousand Years of Chinese Textiles" (, held at the Hong Kong Museum of Art and jointly organised by the Oriental Ceramic Society of Hong Kong and the Urban Council.

The Art of China (Remy Rong Guo, a Ph.D. student at Purdue Univ., with cross-section of images of Chinese "visual art, crafts, music, cooking, calligraphy and other modes of expression, from a wide range of time periods," as well as sections on the zodiac (based on a twelve year cycle --- each year being represented by an animal), Chinese scenery, and "brief tours of the Forbidden City, the Great Wall, and the Imperial Gardens)
China the Beautiful, featuring Classical Chinese Art, Calligraphy, Poetry, History, Literature, Painting and Philosophy

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  Asian Studies Development Program (ASDP) Syllabus & Bibliography Collection Online. 

Resources on Asia for College Courses: Literature, with reading lists and bibliographies, provided by the Kapiolane Community College, the East-West Center and the Univ. of Hawai'i at Manoa

Tales of Wonder: Tales from China (Richard Darsie, Univ. of California-Davis): 


Chinese Literature (Council on East Asian Libraries)
Chinese Literature links (Yahoo)

I Ching sites

Tao Te Ching sites (Yahoo)
Laozi (Lao Tan or Li Erh )

Fu Xuan's "Woman" (ca. 3rd Century CE)
from Arthur Waley, Chinese Poems, (New York: 1946), pp 84-85, repr in Albert M. Craig, et al, The Heritage of World Civilizations, 2d ed., (New York: Macmillan, 1990), p. 217. "Chinese civilization has often been considered one of the least favorable toward women, yet their problems are largely common from culture to culture. At least a number of Chinese women were able to articulate their plight in poems that came to be considered classics. Here the theme of distance is used throughout the poem to emphasize the emotional isolation that is women's lot" (from Selected Chinese Poetry).

How sad it is to be a woman!!
Nothing on earth is held so cheap.
Boy stand leaning at the door
Like Gods fallen out of Heaven.
Their hearts brave the Four Oceans,
The wind and dust of a thousand miles.
No one is glad when a girl is born:
By her the family sets no store.
When she grows up, she hides in her room
Afraid to look at a man in the face.
No one cries when she leaves her home --
Sudden as clouds when the rain stops.
She bows her head and composes her face,
Her teeth are pressed on her red lips:
She bows and kneels countless times.
She must humble herself even to the servants.
His love is distant as the stars in Heaven,
Yet the sunflower bends towards the sun.
Their hearts are more sundered than water and fire--
A hundred evils are heaped upon her.
Her face will follow the years changes:
Her lord will find new pleasures.
They that were once like the substance and shadow
Are now as far from Hu as from Ch'in [two distant places]
Yet Hu and Ch'in shall sooner meet
That they whose parting is like Ts'an and Ch'en [two stars]

Writings of Confucius - KongZi [Kung Tze] (China the Beautiful)
Confucius (Keith Ammann): "Superior and alone, Confucius stood/Who taught that useful science -- to be good."--Alexander Pope

Chinese Poetry By Various Authors (Richard Darsie, UC Davis) 
including Selected Poems by
...T'ao Ch'ien (AD 365?-427?)  
...Li Po (AD 701-762)  

...Han Yü (AD 768-824)  

Glossary of Poetic Terms (Robert G. Shubinski, 1996, 1997) Chinese texts online
Glossary of Poetic Terms (Robert G. Shubinski, 1996, 1997)

China the Beautiful's Classical Chinese Novels Dream of Red Chamber (in Chinese), Journey to the West, Legend of White Snake, Tale of Water Margin, Three Kingdoms, Strange Tales of Liaozhai, Chin Pin Mei (with some links to English translations)
Hsi Yu Chi (The Journey to the West) - a tribute to Wu Ch'eng-en's classic Chinese fantasy novel (Thomas Nguyen, Geocities 1997). See also Introduction to Wu Ch'Eng-en's Monkey (Jeff Hooks, St. Petersburg Junior College)
Romance of Three Kingdoms - full text of the novel by Luo Guanzhong (ca. 1300-1400), trans. C. H. Brewitt-Taylor; including links to Outlines of Early Chinese History (by Li Ung Bing, Eds. Joseph Whiteside of Soochow Univ. and Snow N. Snow), maps (1 small, 2 large) of China during the Three Kingdoms period, and Sun Tzu's [circa 400-320 B.C.] treatise on the Art of War.

"Writing for Success: Printing, Examinations, and Intellectual Change in Late Ming China," by Kai-wing Chow (Late Imperial China 17.1 [ June 1996], one of Project Muse's excellent sample Journal Articles Online).

Of related interest:
Chinese-American Culture and Literature; Asian American Literature (University Libraries at USC); Asian-American Literature Page (students at George Court College)
Perceiving A Culture Through Its Literature: Korea as an Example (Elgin Heinz and Kathy Jerome) - After Seventeen Years, by Kim Yong Ik (From Asian-Pacific Literature, Vol. 2, eds. James and Cheryl Harstad, Honolulu, HI: Department of Education, State of Hawaii, 1981).

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Theater & Performance Arts

Beijing Opera or Peking Opera (Xu-Ming Wang, Syracuse Univ., 1995-1997; now sponsored by Geocities) 
Roles in Beijing Opera: 
Arias and Dialogues: 
Famous Players [Actors]: 
Considered "the lowest class in society," musical theater and Beijing opera performance has been "male dominated" and mixed male-female performance prohibited until very recently.  Typically, male performers entered training schools as "apprentices in their childhood because their parents could not feed them."  Strict obedience to school masters and teachers was expected; boys' instruction and practice of voice and performance skills began before dawn every morning, and any failure or "even success would result in some heavy lashes or other punishment....Director CHEN Kai-Ge's film Farewell my Concubine gives a picture of the situation....It is said that a flash in the stage is a reflection of ten years' unremitting hard work."
Opera Stories: 
"...Beijing Opera covers the whole history of China," some taken from history texts, "but most...adopted from the literature and classical novels."
...Influence of Other Entertainments: 
After the Cultural Revolution, Beijing Opera began losing modern audiences for several reasons: for example, younger Chinese could not understand the special Yun Bai pronunciation used in operatic dialogue, they lacked relevant historical and literary knowledge needed to appreciate the dramatic stories, and many prefer the more elaborate staging and fast pacing of modern film and concert entertainments.

Second Troupe of Peking Opera House of Beijing: see costumes and stage properties, musical instruments
Paper-cut Art --- Beijing Opera Masks (Dr. Puqi Tang)

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film See also HUM 210 Asian Films:  

Chinese Cinema: Scholarly Works and Articles in English (Shao-yi Sun, a Ph.D student, Dept. of East Asian Languages and Cultures, & MA student, School of Cinema-Television, Univ. of Southern California):
See Articles on China's Fifth Generation (images and bibliography)

Paul Halsall’s Core 9 online course: Movies Addressing Chinese History and Culture, with annotations
From The Internet Movie Database Tour: Country Browser: China
Yellow Earth (Huang Tu Di, China, 1984), dir. Chen Kaige, with cinematography by Zhang Yimou.
Farewell My Concubine (Ba Wang Bie Ji, China / Hong Kong, 1993), dir. Chen Kaige (b. 1952, Beijing, China). Farewell My Concubine is based on the novel by Lillian Lee. For a listing of other Chinese films dealing with the Cultural Revolution, click here.
Red Sorghum (Hong gao liang, China, 1987), dir. Zhang Yimou. Both Chen Kaige and Zhang Yimou attended the Beijing Film Academy, Beijing, China. Red Sorghum is based on the novel by Mo Yan.
To Live (Huozhe, China / Hong Kong, 1994), dir. Zhang Yimou, (b. 1950, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China), Bin Wang and Xleochun Zhang. Based on the novel by Yu Hua.
Gong Li (b. 1965) - Actress Filmography. While still a student at the Central Drama Academy in Beijing (from which she graduated in 1989), Gong Li was cast as the female lead in Red Sorghum (1987), the initial directing effort by Zhang Yimou. China's best-known actress in the West, she was named Best Actress at the 49th Venice International Film Festival for her role in The Story of Qiu Ju (Qiu Ju da guan si, China/Hong Kong, 1992; dir. Zhang Yimou). She also earned the New York Film Critics award for Farewell My Concubine (1993). Gong Li made a series of successful films with Zhang Yi-mou, a collaboration that apparently ended with the breakup of their personal relationship in 1995.

See also Univ. of Penn Library Film Studies

AsianLinks pages were first prepared in 1998
& are slowly being updated in Winter 2001

See also New Asian Links:  

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URL of this webpage:

Online HUM 210 Course Resources:

HUM 210 Syllabus Course Plan Assignments Student Writing 
Asian Film Asian Links:
India China Japan
Asian Timelines:
India China Japan

Cora's Home Page | Site Map | Current  Schedule | Cora's Classes
Student Writing | COCC Links  

If you're interested in other world literatures and cultures, visit these course websites:
Hum 211 - Culture and Literature of Africa 
Eng 109 - Western World Literatures (late 18th-late 20th centuries)