Most Works Cited in African Timelines
[excluding embedded links on related topics] | See also African Timelines Bibliography

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Works Cited in Table of Contents

Halsall, Paul. (History Dept., Fordham Univ.) Internet African History Sourcebook. (1998): n. pag. Online. Internet History Sourcebooks Project. Available: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/africa/africasbook.html [accessed: Jan. 2000].

Mutere, Malaika. (African Studies faculty, Howard Univ.) Introduction to African History and Culture Life: An African Historical Framework (no date; first accessed: 1997): n. pag. Online. African Odyssey Interactive, ArtsEdge, Kennedy Center. Available:
http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/aoi/history/ao-guide.html
[Thank you, Lisa, for repairing this link!! ~ Cora]
Also at The Kennedy Center's African Odyssey Interactive Website
[index page: http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/odyssey.html ]
...African History & Geography: http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/aoi/resources/hg.html

...African Music & Performance: http://h-net2.msu.edu/~artsweb/resources/links/music.html
...African Visual & Performing Arts: http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/aoi/resources/vpa.html

PBS Online. Wonders of the African World with Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (1999): n. pag. Online. Public Broadcasting Service. Available: http://www.pbs.org/wonders/ [Last accessed: Jan. 2000].
..."Retelling the Story." Available: http://www.pbs.org/wonders/fr_wh.htm
.
.."What Is Africa to Me? Contributors speak!" Available: http://www.pbs.org/wonders/Retell/retlng.htm

Part I Works Cited In-Text Ancient Africa
[excluding embedded links on related topics]

Asante, Molefi Kete, and Abu S. Abarry, ed. African Intellectual Heritage: A Book of Sources. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1996.

Carnegie Museum of Natural History: Division of Education (1990): n. pag. Online. Teacher's Guide to the Walton Hall of Ancient Egypt. Internet. Available: http://www.clpgh.org/cmnh/tours/egypt/guide.html [last accessed Jan. 2000].

Gleason, Judith, ed. Leaf and Bone: African Praise-Poems. New York: Penguin Books, 1994.

Gragg, Gene. [Professor of Near Eastern Languages, The Oriental Institute, University of Chicago] "Etymology and Electronics: The Afroasiatic Index" (1996; rev. 1998): n. pag. Online. The Afroasiatic Index. The Oriental Institute. University of Chicago. Rpt. The Oriental Institute News and Notes, 149 (Spring 1996). Internet. Available: http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/PROJ/CUS/NN_Spr96/NN_Spr96.html [last accessed Jan. 2000].

Gyekye, Kwame. "The Idea of African Philosophy." In Asante and Abarry, 294-305.

Havilland, William A. Anthropology. 7th ed. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1994.

Hooker, Richard. World Civilizations: An Internet Classroom and Anthology (1996): n. pag. Online. Washington State University. Internet. Available: http://www.wsu.edu:8000/~dee/WORLD.HTM [last accessed Jan. 2000].

"Kofi Awoonor." African Writers: Voices of Change (1997): n. pag. Online. Africana Collection, George A. Smathers Libraries, Univ. of Florida. Internet. Rev. URL: : http://www.uflib.ufl.edu/cm/africana/awoonor.htm [last accessed: Jan. 2000]. [See also Awoonor, Kofi. The Breast of the Earth: A Survey of the History, Culture, Literature of Africa South of the Sahara. 1975. Doubleday, 1976. NOK, 1983.]

Microsoft Encarta 97 Encyclopedia. CD-ROM. Microsoft Corp., 1993-1996.

Mutere, Malaika. [African Studies, Howard University.] "Introduction to African History and Cultural Life: An African Historical Framework" and "African Oral Aesthetic." [no date.] Online. African Odyssey Interactive, Kennedy Center. Internet.
http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/aoi/history/ao-guide.html
[Thank you, Lisa, for repairing this link!! ~ Cora]

Oriental Institute Museum (1997): n. pag. Online. The Oriental Institute. University of Chicago. Internet. Available: http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/OI_Museum.html [last accessed Jan. 2000].

Part II Works Cited In-Text African Empires
[excluding embedded links on related topics]

Appiah, Kwame Anthony, and Henry Louis Gates, Jr., eds. Microsoft Encarta Africana: Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Black History and Culture. CD-ROM. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corp, 1998. [ Website: http://encarta.msn.com/ ]

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Wonders of the African World with Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (1999): n. pag. Online. PBS Online: Public Broadcasting Service. Internet. Available: http://www.pbs.org/wonders/ [last accessed Jan. 2000].

Hooker, Richard. World Civilizations: An Internet Classroom and Anthology (1996): n. pag. Online. Washington State University. Internet. Available: http://www.wsu.edu:8000/~dee/WORLD.HTM [last accessed Jan. 2000].

Keita: The Heritage of the Griot. Dir. Dani Kouyate. Afix Productions [Burkina Faso/France], 1994. Perf. Seydou Boro, Hamed Dicko, Abdoulaye Domboudri, Sotiguy Kouyate, Claire Sanon, Blandine Yameogo. Available from California Newsreel (San Francisco, CA), Library of African Cinema: http://www.newsreel.org/films/keita.htm

Masonen, Pekka (Dept. of History, Univ. of Tampere, Finland).  "Trans-Saharan Trade and the West African Discovery of the Mediterranean." [Web article is revised version of original article published in M'hammad Sabour & Knut Vikor (eds.), Ethnic Encounter and Culture Change. Papers from the Third Nordic Conference on Middle Eastern Studies, Bergen 1997, pp. 116-142]:
http://www.uta.fi/~hipema/trans.htm [last accessed June 2003].

Masonen, Pekka (Dept. of History, Univ. of Tampere, Finland), and Humphrey J. Fisher (School of Oriental and African Studies)
"Not Quite Venus from the Waves: The Almoravid Conquest of Ghana in the Modern Historiography of Western Africa":
http://www.uta.fi/~hipema/Venus.htm [last accessed June 2003].

Microsoft Encarta 97 Encyclopedia. CD-ROM. Microsoft Corp., 1993-1996.

Stearns, Peter N., Michael Adas, and Stuart B. Schwartz. World Civilizations: The Global Experience. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.

The World of the Mande: History, Art and Ritual In the Mande Culture (student webwork, 1997 - 1999): n. pag. Online. Anthropology/Africana Studies 269 and Anthropology/Africana Studies 267 (Prof. Bastian, Anthropology Dept., Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA). Internet. Available: http://www/fandm.edu/Departments/Anthropology/Bastian/ANT269/home.html [first accessed 1997; last accessed Jan. 2000]. Links to student web-essays on:
...
"Caste Systems in Mande Society" [student webwork; originally from Anthropology 269, 1997]: Now available:
http://www/fandm.edu/Departments/Anthropology/Bastian/ANT269/caste.htm[first accessed 1997; last accessed Jan. 2000].
..."Magic and Art in West Africa" [student webwork; originally from Anthropology 269, 1997]: Now available:
http://www/fandm.edu/Departments/Anthropology/Bastian/ANT269/magic.html[first accessed 1997; last accessed Jan. 2000].

Part III Works Cited In-Text African Slave Trade &
European Imperialism
[excluding embedded links on related topics]

Asante, Molefi Kete, and Abu S. Abarry, ed. African Intellectual Heritage: A Book of Sources. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1996.

The British Library Website (1999): n. pg. Online. The British Library Board. Index page available: http://www.bl.uk/index.html [last accessed: Jan. 2000].
...
Africa Collections: Prints, Drawings, & Photographs. Available: http://www.bl.uk/collections/africa/printed.html
...[
Dutch-rendered Map of Africa, 1663]: Le Grand Atlas ou Cosmographie Blaviane; Le Grand Atlas ou Cosmographie Blaviane, en laquelle est exactement descritte la Terre, la Mer et le Ciel, J Blaeu, Amsterdam, 1663, Volume 10 : Africa. British Library Maps C.5.b.1 (The British Library Board, 1997). Available:
http://www.bl.uk/collections/africa/maps.html

...Page from the Minutes of the Court of Directors of the East India Company, 25 Nov
1720
(India Office Records, Collections: Africa). Available: http://www.bl.uk/collections/africa/images/minutes.jpg

Colonization: African-American Mosaic Exhibition (Library of Congress), 1997.  Available:  
< http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/african/afam002.html > [last accessed Aug. 2002].

Encyclopedia Africana Project (EAP). Image of Queen Mother Nana Yaa Asantewa [18??-1921?] (1996-2000): n. pag. Online. Rpt. Encyclopedia Africana: Dictionary of African Biography, v. 1: Ethiopia & Ghana, p. 204. The Encyclopaedia Africana Project [EAP], Accra, Ghana, West Africa. Web Curator/Advisor: Dr. Raymond A. Winbush. Available: http://www.endarkenment.com/eap/ [accessed 1999].

Exploring Amistad (1997): n. pg. Online. Mystic Seaport—The Museum of America and the Sea (Mystic, CT). Internet. Available: http://amistad.mysticseaport.org/main/welcome.html [last accessed Jan. 2000].
...
The Amistad Story: Introduction. Available:
http://amistad.mysticseaport.org/discovery/story/welcome.html

Hooker, Richard. World Civilizations: An Internet Classroom and Anthology (1996): n. pag. Online. Washington State University. Internet. Available: http://www.wsu.edu:8000/~dee/WORLD.HTM [last accessed Jan. 2000].
...The Hausa Kingdoms. Available: http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/CIVAFRCA/HAUSA.HTM
...Kanem-Bornu
. Available: http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/CIVAFRCA/KANEM.HTM

Kings of Dahomey (Abomey) (n. date; first accessed 1997): n. pg. Online. Hutchinson, Tony (Independent Consultant & Instructor, Gasa Polytechnic, Cotonou, Benin). Internet. Available: http://www.concentric.net/~Jeffnaus/kings.htm [last accessed: Jan. 2000].

Mutere, Malaika. [African Studies, Howard University.] "African Culture and Aesthetics": "Introduction to African History and Cultural Life: An African Historical Framework" [no date]: n. pag. Online. African Odyssey Interactive, ArtsEdge, Kennedy Center. Internet. Available: http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/aoi/history/ao-guide.html
[Thank you, Lisa, for repairing this link!! ~ Cora]

Ong, Walter. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. London - New York: Routledge, 1982.

PBS Online. Wonders of the African World with Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (1999): n. pag. Online. Public Broadcasting Service. Available: http://www.pbs.org/wonders/ [Accessed: Jan. 2000].
...The Slave Kingdoms. Available: http://www.pbs.org/wonders/fr_e3.htm

"Symbols of Royal Power" [1988; first accessed 1997]: n. pg. Online. Detroit Institute of Art. African, Oceanic, and New World Cultures: African Art. Internet. Available: http://www.dia/org/collections/aonwc/africanart/1988.193.html [last accessed: Jan 2000].
...
African Art [online exhibition index page]: http://www.dia.org/collections/aonwc/africanart/africanart.html [last accessed: Jan 2000].
...
African, Oceanic, and New World Cultures (AONWC) Michael Kan, Curator. [index page]: http://www.dia/org/collections/aonwc/aonwcindex.html [last accessed: Jan 2000].

What Is Culture? Eric Miraglia, Dept. of English/Student Advising and Learning Center; Dr. Richard Law, Director, General Education; and Peg Collins, Information Technology, Learning Systems Group (1996): n. pag. Online. Learning Commons. Washington State Univ. Virtual Campus. Internet. Available: http://www.wsu.edu:8001/vcwsu/commons/topics/culture/culture-index.html [last accessed: Jan. 2000].

Part IV Works Cited In-TextAnti-Colonialism & Reconstruction
[excluding embedded links on related topics]

Aime Cesaire: une voix pour l'histoire [trans. Aime Cesaire: A Voice for History]. Dir. Euzhan Palcy. Martinique, 1994. Distr. California Newsreel (San Francisco, CA): Online description available: http://www.newsreel.org/films/aimecesa.htm [last accessed: Jan. 2000].

The British Library Website (1999): n. pg. Online. The British Library Board. Internet. Index page available: http://www.bl.uk/index.html [last accessed: Jan. 2000].
...
Africa Collections: Prints, Drawings, & Photographs. Available: http://www.bl.uk/collections/africa/printed.html

Microsoft Encarta 97 Encyclopedia. CD-ROM. Microsoft Corp., 1993-1996.

Mutere, Malaika. [African Studies, Howard University.] "African Culture and Aesthetics": "Introduction to African History and Cultural Life: An African Historical Framework" [no date]: n. pag. Online. African Odyssey Interactive, ArtsEdge, Kennedy Center. Internet. Available: http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/aoi/history/ao-guide.html
[Thank you, Lisa, for repairing this link!! ~ Cora]

Stearns, Peter N., Michael Adas, and Stuart B. Schwartz. World Civilizations: The Global Experience. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.

"Symbols of Royal Power" [1988; first accessed 1997]: n. pg. Online. Detroit Institute of Art. African, Oceanic, and New World Cultures: African Art. Internet. Available: http://www.dia.org/collections/aonwc/africanart/81.701.html [last accessed: Jan 2000].
...
African Art [online exhibition index page]: http://www.dia.org/collections/aonwc/africanart/africanart.html [last accessed: Jan 2000].
...
African, Oceanic, and New World Cultures (AONWC) Michael Kan, Curator. [index page]: http://www.dia/org/collections/aonwc/aonwcindex.html [last accessed: Jan 2000].

Part V Works Cited In-Text Post-Independence Africa & Contemporary Trends
[excluding embedded links on related topics]

"Gordimer, Nadine." [Inset: "Censorship and Its Aftermath," June 1990]. Contemporary Authors. Detroit : Gale Research Co., 1981 - 1991.

Julien, Eileen. "African Literature." In Africa. 3rd ed. Eds. Phyllis M. Martin and Patrick O’Meara. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1995. 295-312.

Moyers, Bill. Chinua Achebe: A World of Ideas. 1989. [Public Broadcasting Service television series A World of Ideas: The Moyers Collection.] Distr. PBS Video, Public Affairs Television, WNET/New York and WWTTW/Chicago, Alexandria, VA; 1989; Films for the Humanities, 1994.

Niane, D. T. Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali. Trans. G. D. Pickett. Harlow, Essex, UK: Longman, 1965. [Originally published by D. T. Niane in French as Soundjata, ou l'Epopee Mandingue, Presence Africaine, 1960].

Nobel Prize in Literature 1991 [Nadine Gordimer] (1999): n. pag. Online. The Nobel Foundation. Internet. Available: http://www.nobel.se/laureates/literature-1991.html [last accessed: Jan. 2000].

Soyinka, Wole. Myth, Literature and the African World. 1978. Canto ed. Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

See also African Timelines BIBLIOGRAPHY: SOURCES & RESOURCES FOR FURTHER STUDY
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COCC Home > Cora Agatucci Home > Classes > HUM 211 Home > African Timelines > Works Cited

African Timelines Table of Contents History, Orature, Literature, & Film
HUM 211 African Timelines were first prepared by Cora Agatucci in 1997.

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