Bibliography: African Timelines
Sources & Resources for Further Study
African Timelines Table of Contents History, Orature, Literature, & Film

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See also Works Cited in African Timelines: History, Orature, Literature, & Film

Aardema, Verna. Why Mosquitoes Buzz In People's Ears: A West African Tale. New York : Dial Press, 1975. [COCC Library: PZ7.A37 W5 1975]

Achebe, Chinua. The Trouble with Nigeria. London: Heinemann, 1983.

"Africa," Microsoft Encarta 97 Encyclopedia. Microsoft Corp., 1993-96.

African Art. [1988; first accessed 1997]: n. pg. Online. Detroit Institute of Art. African, Oceanic, and New World Cultures: African Art. Internet. [Online exhibition index page] Available: [last accessed: Jan 2000].
...African, Oceanic, and New World Cultures (AONWC) Michael Kan, Curator. [index page]: http://www.dia/org/collections/aonwc/aonwcindex.html [last accessed: Jan 2000].

African-Scandinavian Writers' Conference. The Writer In Modern Africa. Ed. Per Wästberg. 1967. New York, Africana Pub. Corp., 1969. {COCC Library: PL8010 .A45 1967aa]

Aime Cesaire: une voix pour l'histoire [trans. Aime Cesaire: A Voice for History]. Dir. Euzhan Palcy. Martinique, 1994. Distr. California Newsreel (San Francisco, CA): Online description available: [last accessed: Jan. 2000].

Amadiume, Ifi. Male Daughters, Female Husbands: Gender and Sex in an African Society. London: Zed, 1987.

Amuta, Chidi. The Theory of African Literature: Implications for Practical Criticism. London: Zed, 1989.

Anzovin, Steven, ed. South Africa: Apartheid And Divestiture. The Reference Shelf Series, v. 59, no. 1. New York : H.W. Wilson Co., 1987. [COCC Library: DT763.5 .S584 1987]

Appiah, Kwame Anthony. In My Father's House : Africa In The Philosophy Of Culture. New
York : Oxford University Press, 1992. [COCC Library: DT352.4 .A66 1992]

Appiah, Kwame Anthony, and Henry Louis Gates, Jr., eds. The Dictionary of Global Culture. New York: Quality Paperback Book Club-Alfred A., Knopf, 1997.

---, eds. Microsoft Encarta Africana: Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Black History and Culture. CD-ROM. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corp, 1998. [ Website: ]

Arkhurst, Joyce Cooper. The Adventures Of Spider: West African Folk Tales. Boston, Little, Brown, 1964. [COCC Library: PZ7.A75 A4 1964]

Asante, Molefi Kete, and Abu S. Abarry, ed. African Intellectual Heritage: A Book of Sources. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1996.

Asante, Molefi Kete, William B. Gudykunst, and Eileen Newmark, eds. Handbook Of International And Intercultural Communication. Newbury Park, CA. : Sage Publications, 1989. [COCC Library: P96.I5 H37 1989]

Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin, ed. Post-Colonial Studies Reader. London: Routledge, 1995.

Awoonor, Kofi. The Breast of the Earth: A Survey of the History, Culture, Literature of Africa South of the Sahara. 1975. Doubleday, 1976. NOK, 1983.

Badejo, Deidre. "The Yoruba and Afro-American Trickster: A Contextual Comparison." Presence Africaine 147 (1988): 3-17.

Bebey, Francis. African Music: A People's Art. New York: Lawrence Hill, 1975.

Beier, Ulli. The Origin Of Life And Death: African Creation Myths. London, Heinemann, 1966. [COCC Library: GR355 .B4 1966]

Black Renaissance / Renaissance Noire. [Ed. Africana Studies Program and Institute of African American Studies at New York Univ., and pub. Indiana Univ. Press.]
Selected Tables of Contents & featured full-text articles - available: [accessed Jan. 2000]
Indiana University Press Journals Home Page - available: [accessed Jan. 2000].

Blake, Robert. A History of Rhodesia. 1st American ed. 1977. New York : Knopf, 1978. [COCC Library: DT962.5 .B55 1978]

Birbalsingh, Frank, ed. Frontiers of Caribbean Literature in English. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996.

Boahen, A. Adu. African Perspectives On Colonialism. Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989. [COCC Library JV246 .B63 1989]

Boyce Davies, Carole. Black Women, Writing and Identity: Migrations of the Subject. New York: Routledge, 1994.

Boyce Davies, Carole, and Elaine Savory Fido, eds. Out of the Kumbla: Caribbean Women and Literature. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1990.

Boyce Davies, Carole, and Anne Adams Graves. eds. Ngambika: Studies of Women in African Literature. Trenton: African World P, 1986.

The British Library Website (1999): n. pg. Online. The British Library Board. Index page available: [last accessed: Jan. 2000].
...Africa Collections: Prints, Drawings, & Photographs. Available:

Brown, Ella. "Reactions to Western Values as Reflected in African Novels." Phylon 18.3 (1987): 216-228.

Brown, Lloyd W. Women Writers in Black Africa. Contributions in Women's Studies No. 2 Greenwood, 1981.

Bruner, Charlotte H., ed. The Heinemann Book of African Women’s Writing. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1993.

Burton, Richard Francis, Sir, 1821-1890. Wanderings in West Africa from Liverpool to Fernando Po. New York : Dover Publications, 1991. [COCC Library: DT472 .B85 1991]

Bush, Barbara. Slave Women in Caribbean Society. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press, 1990.

Byrnes, Rita M., ed. South Africa : A Country Study. Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. 3rd ed. Washington, D.C. : The Division : Headquarters, Dept. of the Army; G.P.O., 1997. [COCC Library: Government Documents D 101.22:550-93/997]

Carnegie Museum of Natural History: Division of Education (1990): n. pag. Online. Teacher's Guide to the Walton Hall of Ancient Egypt. Internet. Available: [last accessed Jan. 2000].

Cartey, Wilfred. Whispers From A Continen:; The Literature Of Contemporary Black Africa. New York, Vintage, 1969. [COCC Library: PL8010 .C3]

Chinweizu, Onwuchekwa Jemie, and Ihechukwu Madubuike. Toward the Decolonization of African Literature. Washington, D.C. : Howard University Press, 1983. [COCC Library: PR9340 .C48 1983]

Coetzee, J. M. White Writing : On The Culture Of Letters In South Africa. New Haven : Yale University Press, 1988. [COCC Library: PR9358.2.W45 C64 1988]

Connah, Graham. African Civilizations : Precolonial Cities And States In Tropical Africa : An Archaeological Perspective. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire], UK; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1987. [COCC Library: DT352.3 .C66 1987].

Conneau, Théophile. Captain Canot, An African Slaver [Written out and edited from the captain's journals, memoranda, and conversations, by Brantz Mayer.] New York : Arno Press, 1968. [COCC Library: HT1322 .C58 1968]

Conniff, Michael L., and Thomas J. Davis. Africans in the Americas : A History of the Black Diaspora. New York : St. Martin's Press, 1994. [COCC Library: E29.N3 C76 1994]

Courlander, Harold. A Treasury Of African Folklore : The Oral Literature, Traditions, Myths, Legends, Epics, Tales, Recollections, Wisdom, Sayings, And Humor Of Africa. New York : Crown Publishers, 1975. [COCC Library: GR350 .C67 1975]

Curtin, Philip D., ed. Africa Remembered; Narratives By West Africans From The Era Of The Slave Trade, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1967. [COCC Library: DT471 .C8]

Diallo, Yaya, and Mitchell Hall. The Healing Drum: African Wisdom Teachings. Rochester, VT:Destiny Books, 1989.

Diop, Cheikh Anta. The Cultural Unity of Black Africa: The Domains of Patriarchy and of Matriarchy in Classical Antiquity. Chicago, IL: Third World Press, 1990.

Donnell, Alison, and Sarah Lawson Welsh, eds. The Routledge Reader in Caribbean Literature. London/New York: Routledge, 1996.

Encyclopedia Africana Project (EAP). Image of Queen Mother Nana Yaa Asantewa [18??-1921?] (1996-2000): n. pag. Online. Rpt. Encyclopedia Africana: Dictionary of African Biography, v. 1: Ethiopia & Ghana, p. 204. The Encyclopaedia Africana Project [EAP], Accra, Ghana, West Africa. Web Curator/Advisor: Dr. Raymond A. Winbush. Available: [accessed 1999].

Exploring Amistad (1997): n. pg. Online. Mystic Seaport—The Museum of America and the Sea (Mystic, CT). Internet. Available: [last accessed Jan. 2000].
...The Amistad Story: Introduction. Available:

Fister, Barbara. Third World Women's Literatures : A Dictionary And Guide To Materials In English. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1995. [COCC Library: PN849.U43 F58 1995]

Foley, John Miles. Traditional Oral Epic: The Odyssey, Beowulf, and the Serbo-Croatian Return Song. Berkeley : University of California Press, 1990. [COCC Library: PN56.E65 F65 1990]

Fredrickson, George M. Black Liberation: A Comparative History of Black Ideologies in the United States and South Africa. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1995.

Gakwandi, Shatto. "Soyinka’s The Interpreters and Achebe’s A Man of the People," Ch. 4 "Disenchantment" of The Novel and Contemporary Experience in Africa [bibliographical information incomplete – sorry!]. 66-86.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Black Literature And Literary Theory. 1984. New York: Routledge, 1990. [COCC Library: PS153.N5 B555 1990]

---. Wonders of the African World with Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (1999): n. pag. Online. PBS Online: Public Broadcasting Service. Internet. Available: [last accessed Jan. 2000].

Gbadamosi, Bakare, and Ulli Beier. Not Even God Is Ripe Enough: Yoruba Stories. London, Ibadan, [etc.] Heinemann Educational, 1968. [COCC Library: PL8824 .G3 1968]

Gititi, Gitahi. "African Theory and Criticism." The Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism. Eds. Michael Groden and Martin Kreiswirth. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1994. 5-9.

Gleason, Judith, ed. Leaf and Bone: African Praise-Poems. New York: Penguin Books, 1994.

"Gordimer, Nadine." [Inset: "Censorship and Its Aftermath," June 1990]. Contemporary Authors. Detroit : Gale Research Co., 1981 - 1991.

Gordon, April A., and Donald L. Gordon, eds. Understanding Contemporary Africa. 2nd ed. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1996.

Gragg, Gene. [Professor of Near Eastern Languages, The Oriental Institute, University of Chicago] "Etymology and Electronics: The Afroasiatic Index" (1996; rev. 1998): n. pag. Online. The Afroasiatic Index. The Oriental Institute. University of Chicago. Rpt. The Oriental Institute News and Notes, 149 (Spring 1996). Internet. Available: [last accessed Jan. 2000].

Graham, Ronnie, ed. The World Of African Music. London : Pluto Press ; Chicago : Research Associates ; Chicago : Distributed in the U.S.A. by Frontline Dist. Int'l, 1992. [COCC Library: ML3502.5 .G73 1992]

Gugelberger, Georg M., ed. Marxism and African Literature. Trenton, N.J. : Africa World Press, 1986. [COCC Library: PL8010 .M35 1986]

Gunner, Elizabeth. A Handbook for Teaching African Literature. 2nd ed. Oxford, UK: Heinemann, 1987.

Gurnah, Abdulrazak, ed. Essays on African Writing: A Re-Evaluation. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1993.

Gyekye, Kwame. "The Idea of African Philosophy." In Asante and Abarry, 294-305.

Gyekye, Kwame. An Essay on African Philosophical Thought. : The Akan Conceptual Scheme. Rev. ed. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995. [Copy ordered for COCC Library on 08-19-98.]

Hale, Thomas C. Scribe, Griot, and Novelist: Narrative Interpreters of the Songhay Empire followed by the Epic of Askia Mohammed recounted by Nouhou Malio. Gainesville: U of Florida P-Center for African Studies, 1990.

Halsall, Paul (History Dept. Fordham Univ.). Internet African History Sourcebook. (June-August 1998): n. pag. Online. The Internet History Sourcebooks Project. Internet. Available: [Accessed Dec. 1999]

Havilland, William A. Anthropology. 7th ed. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1994.

Harrow, Kenneth W., ed. Faces of Islam in African Literature. Studies in African Literature. New Series. Portsmouth, NH : Heinemann; London : J. Currey, 1991. [COCC Library: PL8010 .F3 1991]

Hilliard, Constance B., ed. Intellectual Traditions of Pre-Colonial Africa. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 1998.

Holloway, Joseph E., ed. Africanisms in African-American Culture. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1990.

Hooker, Richard. World Civilizations: An Internet Classroom and Anthology (1996): n. pag. Online. Washington State University. Internet. Available: [last accessed Jan. 2000].

Jahn, Janheinz. Muntu: African Culture and the Western World. New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1990.

Jahn, Janheinz. Muntu; An Outline of the New African Culture. Trans. Marjorie Grene. New York: Grove Press, 1961. [COCC Library: DT352 .J313]

James, Adeola, ed. In Their Own Voices : African Women Writers Talk. London : J. Currey ; Portsmouth, N.H. : Heinemann, 1990. [COCC Library: PR9340.5 .I5 1990]

James, George G.M. Stolen Legacy. New York: Philosophical Library, 1954.

JanMohamed, Abdul R. Manichean Aesthetics : The Politics Of Literature In Colonial Africa Amherst : University of Massachusetts Press, 1983. [COCC Library: PR9344 .J36 1983]

Johnson, John William, ed. & trans. [Text by Fa-Digi Sisoko.] The Epic of Son-Jara: A West African Tradition. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press, 1992.

Johnson, John William, Thomas A. Hale, and Stephen Belcher, eds. Oral Epics from Africa: Vibrant Voices from a Vast Continent. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press, 1997.

Jones, Eldred Durosimi, and Marjorie Jones, ed. New Trends and Generations in African Literature: A Review. Trenton, NJ: Africa World P, 1996.

Jones, Eldred Durosimi, Eustace Palmer, and Marjorie Jones, ed. Orature in African Literature Today: A Review. Trenton, NJ: Africa World P, 1992.

Julien, Eileen. "African Literature." In Africa. 3rd ed. Eds. Phyllis M. Martin and Patrick O’Meara. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1995. 295-312.

Kaarsholm, Preben, ed. Cultural Struggle and Development in Southern Africa. Heinemann: 1991.

Kamalu, Chukwunyere. Foundations of African Thought: A Worldview Grounded in the African Heritage of Religion, Philosophy, Science and Art. London: Karnak House, 1990.

Karenga, Maulana. Introduction to Black Studies. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: U of Sankore P, 1993

Keita: The Heritage of the Griot. Dir. Dani Kouyate. Afix Productions [Burkina Faso/France], 1994. Perf. Seydou Boro, Hamed Dicko, Abdoulaye Domboudri, Sotiguy Kouyate, Claire Sanon, Blandine Yameogo. Available from California Newsreel (San Francisco, CA), Library of African Cinema:

Kelly, Gail P., and Carolyn M. Elliott, eds. Women's Education in the Third World: Comparative Perspectives. Albany: State U of New York P, 1982.

Kerr, David. African Popular Theatre : From Pre-Colonial Times To The Present Day. London : J. Currey ; Portsmouth, N.H. : Heinemann ; Nairobi : EAEP ; Cape Town : D. Philip ; Harare : Baobab, 1995. [COCC Library: PN2969 .K47 1995]

Keto, C. Tsehloane. The Africa Centered Perspective of History. Blackwood, NJ: KA Publications, 1989.

Khorana, Meena. Africa in Literature for Children and Young Adults. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Killam, G. D., ed. African Writers on African Writing. Northwestern, 1973. .

Killam, G.D. The Writing of East and Central Africa. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1985.

Kimbrough, Robert, ed. Heart of Darkness: An Authoritative Text, Backgrounds and Sources, Essays in Criticism. 3rd ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 1988. [COCC has 1971 ed.)

Kings of Dahomey (Abomey) (n. date; first accessed 1997): n. pg. Online. Hutchinson, Tony (Independent Consultant & Instructor, Gasa Polytechnic, Cotonou, Benin). Internet. Available: [last accessed: Jan. 2000].

Kirpal, Viney. "The Structure of the Modern Nigerian Novel and the National Consciousness." Modern Fiction Studies 35.1 (Spring 1989): 157-179.

"Kofi Awoonor." African Writers: Voices of Change (1997): n. pag. Online. Africana Collection, George A. Smathers Libraries, Univ. of Florida. Internet. Rev. URL: : [last accessed: Jan. 2000].

Larson, Charles R. Under African Skies. : Modern African Stories. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, Incorporated 08/1997 [COCC Library: 1 copy ordered for Second Floor on 08-19-98.]

Lessing, Doris. African Laughter: Four Visits to Zimbabwe. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.

Levinson, David, gen. ed. Encyclopedia Of World Cultures. Vols. 1-10. Boston, Mass. : G.K. Hall, 1991-1994. [COCC Library:
Reference GN307 .E53 1991 v.1 - North America. Timothy J. O'Leary, David Levinson, eds
Reference GN307 .E53 1991 v.2 – Oceania. Terence E. Hays, ed.
Reference GN307 .E53 1991 v.3 - South Asia. Paul Hockings, ed.
Reference GN307 .E53 1991 v.4 - Europe (central, western, and southeastern Europe). Linda A. Bennett, ed.
Reference GN307 .E53 1991 v.5 - East and Southeast Asia / Paul Hockings, ed.
Reference GN307 .E53 1991 v.6 - Russia and Eurasia / Paul Friedrich and Norma Diamond, eds.
Reference GN307 .E53 1991 v.7 - South America / Johannes Wilbert, ed.
Reference GN307 .E53 1991 v.8 - . Middle America and the Caribbean. James W. Dow, ed.
Reference GN307 .E53 1991 v.9 - Africa and the Middle East. John Middleton and Amal Rassam, eds.
Reference GN307 .E53 1991 v.10 – Indexes, David Levinson, ed.

Maja-Pearce, Adewale, ed. The Heinemann Book of African Poetry in English. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1990.

Malkmus, Lizbeth, and Roy Armes. Arab and African Film Making. London: Zed Books, 1991.

Mandela, Nelson. No Easy Walk To Freedom. London : Heinemann, 1973. [COCC Library: DT763 .M35 1973b]

Mandela, Nelson. The Struggle Is My Life : His Speeches And Writings Brought Together With Historical Documents And Accounts Of Mandela In Prison By Fellow-Prisoners. Rev. ed. New York : Pathfinder Press, 1986. [COCC Library: DT779.95.M36 A57 1986]

Martin, Phyllis M., and Patrick O’Meara, ed. Africa. 3rd ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.

Masonen, Pekka.  The Negroland Revisited. Discovery and Invention of the Sudanese Middle Ages.  Helsinki, Finland:  The Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, Humaniora 309, 2000.

[Author's Abstract:]  "My book examines the development of African historiography in Europe, from the Renaissance to the 1920s, with special emphasis on the ancient West African empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay. A review was published in American Historical Review, April 2002, pp.496-497 " (African Timelines web contribution, 17 October 2002). 

Mazrui, Ali. The Africans: A Triple Heritage. Canada: Little, Brown, 1986.

Mazrui, Ali A. Cultural Forces in World Politics. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1990.

Mbiti, John S. African Religions & Philosophy. New York, Praeger, 1969. [COCC Library: BL2400 .M38 1969]

Mbiti, John S. Introduction to African Religion. 2nd ed. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1991. [COCC Library has the first edition, 1975: BL2400 .M383 1975]

Microsoft Encarta 97 Encyclopedia. CD-ROM. Microsoft Corp., 1993-1996.

Moore, Gerald. The Chosen Tongue : English Writing In The Tropical World. 1969. New York : Harper & Row, 1970. [COCC Library: PR9210.5 .M6 1970]

Mordecai, Pamela, and Betty Wilson, eds. Her True-True Name: An Anthology of Women’s Writing from the Caribbean. Portsmith, NH: Heinemann, 1989.

Mortimer, Mildred. Journeys through the French African Novel. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1990.

Moyers, Bill. Chinua Achebe: A World of Ideas. 1989. [Public Broadcasting Service television series A World of Ideas: The Moyers Collection.] Distr. PBS Video, Public Affairs Television, WNET/New York and WWTTW/Chicago, Alexandria, VA; 1989; Films for the Humanities, 1994.

Mudimbe, V. Y. The Invention of Africa. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1988.

Musgrove, Margaret. Ashanti to Zulu : African Traditions. New York : Dial Press, 1976. [COCC Library PZ7.M87 A7 1976]

Mutere, Malaika. [African Studies, Howard University.] "Introduction to African History and Cultural Life: An African Historical Framework" and "African Oral Aesthetic." [no date.] Online. African Odyssey Interactive, ArtsEdge, Kennedy Center. Internet.
[Thank you, Lisa, for repairing this link!! ~ Cora]

Nasta, Susheila, ed. Motherlands : Black Women's Writing from Africa, the Caribbean, and South Asia.. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, 1992. [COCC Library: PR9340.5 .M67 1992]

Ngugi wa Thiong’o. Decolonising the Mind : The Politics of Language in African Literature. London : J. Currey ; Portsmouth, N.H. : Heinemann, 1986. [COCC Library: PL8010 .N48 1986]

Ngugi wa Thiong’o. Detained: A Writer’s Prison Diary. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1981.

Ngugi wa Thiong’o. Moving The Centre : The Struggle For Cultural Freedoms. London : J. Currey; Portsmouth, N.H. : Heinemann, 1993. [COCC Library: PL8010 .N485 1993]

Niane, D. T. Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali. Trans. G. D. Pickett. Harlow, Essex, UK: Longman, 1965. [Originally published by D. T. Niane in French as Soundjata, ou l'Epopee Mandingue, Presence Africaine, 1960].

Nketia, J.H. Kwabena. The Music of Africa. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1979.

Nkosi, Lewis. Tasks and Masks : Themes and Styles of African Literature. Harlow, Essex : Longman, 1981. [COCC Library: PL8010 .N55 1981a]

Nobel Prize in Literature 1991 [Nadine Gordimer] (1999): n. pag. Online. The Nobel Foundation. Internet. Available: [last accessed: Jan. 2000].

Nyang, Sulayman S(heih). Islam, Christianity, and African Identity. Brattleboro, VT: Amana Books, 1984. [COCC Library: DT21 .N93 1984]

Obiechina, Emmanuel. An African Popular Literature: A Study Of Onitsha Market Pamphlets. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1973. [COCC Library: PR9387.85.O5 O3]

Obiechina, Emmanuel. Language and Theme: Essays on African Literature. Washington, D.C.: Howard UP, 1990.

Okpaku, Joseph, ed. New African Literature and the Arts. New York : T. Crowell, 1970. [COCC Library: NX587 .N48 1970]

Oliver, Roland, and Michael Crowder, gen. eds. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Africa. Cambridge, UK: New York : Cambridge University Press, 1981. [COCC Library: DT3 .C35 1981]

Ong, Walter J. Orality & Literacy: the Technologizing of the Word. London: Routledge, 1982.

Oriental Institute Museum (1997): n. pag. Online. The Oriental Institute. University of Chicago. Internet. Available: [last accessed Jan. 2000].

PBS Online. Wonders of the African World with Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (1999): n. pag. Online. Public Broadcasting Service. Internet. Available: [accessed Dec. 1999]

Petersen, Kirsten Holst, and Anna Rutherford, eds. On Shifting Sands: New Art and Literature from South Africa. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1993.

Research in African Literatures. [Official journal of the African Literature Association and the African Literatures Division of the Modern Language Association.] Indiana University Press - The Ohio State University. Selected tables of contents & featured full-text articles available: [accessed Jan. 2000];
Indiana University Press Journals Home Page - available: [accessed Jan. 2000]

Rogozinski, Jan. A Brief History of the Caribbean: From the Arawak and the Carib to the Present. New York: Meridian-Penguin, 1994.

Sarvin, Charles Ponnuthurai. "Feminism and African Fiction: The Novels of Mariama Ba." Modern Fiction Studies 34.3 (Autumn 1988): 453-464.

Scheub, Harold. The Tongue Is Fire: South African Storytellers and Apartheid. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1996.

Shelton, Austin J., ed. The African Assertion; A Critical Anthology Of African Literature. New York: Odyssey Press, 1968. [COCC Library: PL8011 .S5]

Snowden, Frank M., Jr. Blacks in Antiquity; Ethiopians in the Greco-Roman Experience. Cambridge, Mass., Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1970. [COCC Library: DE71 .S6]

Soyinka, Wole. 1978. Myth, Literature and the African World. 1978. Canto ed. Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990. [COCC Library: PL8010 .S64 1990]

Stearns, Peter N., Michael Adas, and Stuart B. Schwartz. World Civilizations: The Global Experience. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.

Sunkett, Mark. Mandiani Drum And Dance : Djimbe Performance And Black Aesthetics From Africa To The New World. Tempe, AZ : White Cliffs Media, 1995. [COCC Library: ML3760 .S84 1995]

Sweetman, David. Women Leaders in African History. London ; Exeter, N.H., USA : Heinemann, 1984. [COCC Library: HQ1787.A3 S93 1984]

Thomas, Hugh. The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade: 1440-1870. New York: Touchstone-Simon & Schuster, 1997.

Thompson, Robert Farris. African Art in Motion. Los Angeles/Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Ugorji, Okechukwu K. The Adventures of Torti: Tales from West Africa. Trenton, NJ: African World Press, 1991.

UNESCO International Scientific Committee for the Drafting of a General History of Africa. General History of Africa. Vols. 1-8. London : Heinemann Educational Books; Berkeley : University of California Press, 1981-1993. [COCC Library has v. 3, 6, and 8 only.
DT20 .G45 1981 v. 3 - Africa from the seventh to the eleventh century
DT20 .G45 1981 v. 6 - Africa in the nineteenth century until the 1880s
DT20 .G45 1981 v. 8 -. Africa since 1935.]

Valade, Roger M., III. The Essential Black Literature Guide. (Published in assn. With the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.) Detroit: Visible Ink Press, 1996.

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. Cheikh Anta Diop. Great African Thinkers Series, v. 1. New Brunswick, NH: : Transaction Books, 1986. [COCC Library: HM213 .C4448 1986]

Van Sertima, Ivan, ed. Great Black Leaders : Ancient And Modern. New Brunswick, NJ: Journal of African Civilizations, 1988. [COCC Library: E185.96 .G73 1988]

Welmers, Willima E., and James T. Sabin. "African Literature." Microsoft Encarta 97 Encyclopedia. Microsoft Corp., 1993-1996.

What Is Culture? Eric Miraglia, Dept. of English/Student Advising and Learning Center; Dr. Richard Law, Director, General Education; and Peg Collins, Information Technology, Learning Systems Group (1996): n. pag. Online. Learning Commons. Washington State Univ. Virtual Campus. Internet. Available: [last accessed: Jan. 2000].

Wilentz, Gay. Binding Cultures: Black Women Writers in African and the Diaspora. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1992.

Wilkinson, Jane, ed. Talking with African Writers : Interviews With African Poets, Playwrights & Novelists. London : J. Currey ; Portsmouth, N.H. : Heinemann, 1992. [COCC Library: PR9340 .T35 1992]

The World of the Mande: History, Art and Ritual In the Mande Culture (student webwork, 1997 - 1999): n. pag. Online. Anthropology/Africana Studies 269 and Anthropology/Africana Studies 267 (Prof. Bastian, Anthropology Dept., Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster, PA). Internet. Now available: http://www/
[first accessed 1997; last accessed Jan. 2000]. Links to student web-essays on:
..."Caste Systems in Mande Society" [student webwork; originally from Anthropology 269, 1997]: Now available:
http://www/ [first accessed 1997; last accessed Jan. 2000].
..."Magic and Art in West Africa" [student webwork; originally from Anthropology 269, 1997]: Now available:
http://www/ [first accessed 1997; last accessed Jan. 2000].

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African Timelines Table of Contents History, Orature, Literature, & Film
Part I | Part II | Part III |
Part IV | Part V | Works Cited | Bibliography

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