African Diaspora Links
What is the African Diaspora?
The forced and brutal dispersal of millions of Africans
into foreign lands during the African Slave Trade created the African Diaspora:
the global community of Africans and their descendants
living outside the African continent.

Mapping Africa: Africa and the Diaspora Movement
(Kennedy Center's African Odyssey Interactive) with text & clickable maps:

African Timelines Part III:
African Slave Trade & European Imperialism, 15th - early 19th centuries
(Cora Agatucci, HUM 211, Central Oregon Community College)

African Diaspora links (Columbia Univ):

Africana Library: Links to Caribbean Studies Servers (Cornell Univ. Libraries):

African Music Encyclopedia: Music from Africa and the African Diaspora (Janet Planet), presents photos and biographies of musicians, glossary of African styles of music, list of distributors:
...Related African links:

African Traditional Religion (maintained by Chidi Denis Isizoh): 

African Traditional Religions - WWW Links (Ian Ritchie, McGill University Faculty of Religious Studies) 

Afro-Caribbean Musics (Fabrice Gaillard, 1994-1999):
...searchable, e.g., by Caribbean country:

Afropop Worldwide, information & resources related to PRI's (Public Radio International) weekly series showcasing the contemporary musical cultures of Africa and the African Diaspora in the Caribbean, the Americas and Europe:
...and visit Milennium Stage - AfroPop Party,
hosted by Georges Collinet of Afropop Worldwide, and informational links: "In recognition of the profound global influence of the musical cultures of Africa and the African Diaspora, World Music Productions has chosen as its mission to promote understanding and appreciation of the contemporary musical cultures of Africa and the Diaspora, to inspire the inclusion of these musical cultures in media and education, and to bring the music to more diverse audiences, thus building a larger, better-informed constituency for the artists and their musical creativity":

Bibliography of Creative Writing in Trinidad and Tobago (bibliography compiled by Anson Gonzalez; website maintained by Alana Ochoa Trafford):

Black Canada: Canadian Series of North American Negroes - CSONAN: 
"This site is dedicated to providing information concerning Black World history, with a focus on Black Canadian history and perspectives."

Black Studies: African, African-American, and Caribbean Studies (Dept. of History, Univ. of North Texas): 
...African-American Studies: 
...Caribbean Studies: 

Bob Marley School for the Arts Institute (Astor Black):
Rastafari in Jamaica
About Reggae Music
Tribute to Bob Marley, and more.

Caribbean Literature Showcase (Univ. of the Virgin Islands):

Caribbean Literature: An Overview - *under construction: dir. Robert Timm of the CUNY (City University of New York) Graduate Center (George Landow, Postcolonial Literature in English, Brown Univ.):
...Selective Bibliography of Books and Journals on Caribbean Literature:

Caribbean Cultural Resources: A Resource Library for Cultural Caribbeanists 
(C. Hernandez, Univ. of Toronto):
...Caribbean Literary Resources on the Web
...Bibliography of Caribbean Writers

Caribbean Writers on the Web: Feature (Scott Rettberg, Expert Guides)

The Interesting Life of Olaudah Equiano
Igbo and an Achebe influence (Suzanne Erera, Princeton Univ.) main page: offers rich resources:


Equiano Background, Experiences, and Travel, illustrated hyperlinked essay


Equiano's Narrative, with excerpts, analysis, & links:


Olaudah Equiano Timeline, in relation to history of slavery:


The Legacy of Equiano, hyperlinked essay

Exploring Amistad: Race and the Boundaries of Freedom in Antebellum Maritime America (Mystic Seaport -- The Museum of America and the Sea, Mystic, Connecticut), a project begun with a "Teaching with Technology" grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Learn more about the
Amistad Revolt of 1839-1842 (on which the Steven Spielberg film was based), "a shipboard uprising off the coast of Cuba that carried itself, inadvertently but fatefully, to the United States--where the Amistad Captives set off an intense legal, political, and popular debate over the slave trade, slavery, race, Africa, and ultimately America itself."
The sitemap will take you to historical summaries, teaching ideas, a detailed description of the museum library (including its government documents, maps, & personal papers), related websites, a bulletin board, and bibliography.

Guyanese Proverbs, with English Translations:
From Guyana News and Information:

Postcolonial Studies at Emory Univ. (Deepika Petraglia-Bahri):

The Routledge Reader in Caribbean Literature, by Alison Donnell, Ed. and Sarah Lawson Welsh, Ed., Routledge (1996) - brief review:

NiiCa - African Diaspora -  Black Britain - The Black British Agenda 2000 (2001):  

Voices from the Gaps: Women Writers of Color (Univ. of Minnesota):

Voudoun: The Slave Religions in America and the Diaspora
West African Dahomean Vodoun (Mamaissii Danzi Hounon)--presents "a positive and realistic view of what the ancient Spiritual Tradition of what is popularly known as 'Voodoo' really is," and seeks to "provide to the West, a fundamental introduction to this ancient West African tradition. I am both a Mamaissii (Mami Wata*) High Priestess, and Hounon of Yeveh (Dahomean) Vodoun by birth, inheritance, initiation and training. Hence, my primary purpose is to educate the public about this heretofore unknown aspect of our African Traditional Spiritual heritage," and to correct Western stereotypes. Note, too, that "we are student friendly" and welcome serious student inquiries "in understanding any aspect of our traditions" [email communication with Mamaissii D. H.].  
See also I is a long memoried woman: 4. The Bloodling
Yemanji: var. Ymoja, one of the great goddesses of Africa,
*Mother of Waters (Mama Watta)
, Mother of Gods;
As Yemanji, she is the power (orisha or orisa) of the ocean and motherhood,
strong, nurturing, creative and destructive, the ultimate manifestation of female power: 
From "The Gods Gallery" Images
(J. P. Criss): 

...Religions of the World: African Religions & Their Derivatives (PorchNus) 

"'The White Man's Burden' and Its Critics":
from Jim Zwick, ed., Anti-Imperialism in the United States, 1898-1935 (
Zwick's new website (as of August, 1999) offers "A collection of sites that examine specific aspects of the debate about imperialism and its political and cultural legacies:

Yale Africa Guide InterActive: African-American and African Diaspora 

REDO THIS PART!!  (These links may be broken & I haven't yet had time to conduct research needed to repair them.  Sorry, Cora)

Grace Nichols
(The Irish Poetry Page) offers the text of her poem "Like a Beacon":

Guyanese News & Information (Safraz W. Ishmael, Guyanese graduate student, Univ. of Maryland), including map, photos, history, news, and more on Guyana--"at the point where the Caribbean meets South America on its North Atlantic seaboard." 
Guyana earned its independence from Great Britain on 26 May 1966.

Languages of Guyana from the Ethnologue: Languages of the World (13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, ed., Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc.). 
Ethnologue Country Index: 

Isis, featuring the art and culture of women of the African diaspora. Not available - being renovated [as of Jan. 2002]:  

World Atlas offers country stats, map, and flag of Haiti. See the detailed CIA Map of Haiti from UT-LANTIC (Univ. of Texas-Austin) and the Haiti Reference Desk.

Visit UHHP (Unofficial Haitian Home Page)'s Arts and Culture links.

You can also find information through City Net - Caribbean and Haiti; click on the City Net Maps of Haiti and Columbus's voyages for enlarged versions,

Languages of Haiti from the Ethnologue: Languages of the World (13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, ed., Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc.).

From the On-line Haitian History Course, Webster University - Saint-Louis, Missouri, see instructor Bob Corbett's basic introduction to Haiti and his detailed history of the Haitian Revolution, part 1, part 2 & part 3 (Toussaint L'Ouverture), part 4 (excerpt: "It is general folk knowledge in Haiti that Toussaint Louverture and the Haitian revolutionaries saved the United States from being invaded by Napoleonic forces in 1803"). See also Corbett's compilation of Haitian Proverbs, Riddles, Jokes and Folktales and reviews of Haitian literature in UHHP Bob's Haitian Corner.

Dany Laferriere, born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, practiced journalism under Duvalier before migrating to Canada. See the brief introduction to Caribbean literature and history presented in the study guide,
"The Shaping of the Caribbean Identity as Seen through the Literature of Jamaica Kincaid and V. X. Naipaul," prepared by Faith Nelson, Dr. Keith Warner, Dr. Ian Smart, and Dr. Claire Nelson, supported by South Dakota Humanities Council.

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